He is also rebellious. Owing to the fact that he is aware of the regimes pervasive goal to completely destroy humanity, he starts rebelling against it. Keeping a diary or any literary material is forbidden, because The Party understands the repercussions of having intellectuals around. The Party therefore suppresses intellectualism in favor of ignorance, which it promotes as strength. Winston makes it his business to oppose most of the rules throughout the novel. Chief among them is his relationship with Julia. All forms of relationships are banned to discourage any form of pleasure and bonding, so that all loyalty is given to the Party.
With Julia by his side, Winston feels rejuvenated and continues the relationship with her till the closing stages of the novel, even though it puts his life at risk. The fact that Julia also hates The Party only prolongs his rebellious streak, because he now has someone who understands him and is willing to be part of the revolution. Furthermore, Winston is very loyal- loyal to his course, that is.
He wants to fight the oppressive regime and does not digress from his purpose throughout the book. However, his unwavering loyalty keeps him blinded from the fact that nobody is to be trusted. In addition, he is paranoid. This stems from the fact that he knows he is constantly being watched. Since he keeps a written journal of his dislike for Big Brother, he believes that The Party officials already know his secret and it is only a matter of time before the Thought Police come breaking into his door. Due to his paranoia, he has resolved to live a risky life, because he knows his life is doomed either way.
As a result, it can be concluded that he is also brave. It should be noted that the regime is so powerful that nobody has the guts to go against it, except Winston.
Unforgiven: Consequences of Winston Smith's Search for Reality in 1984
And even though he fails in the end, he is courageous enough to try. He is also a nonconformist. He is not a sheep that believes everything that is thrown at him. He is among the few people who still can reason like human beings. It is due to this nonconformist approach that he feels lonely, even though he is surrounded by people. He knows that to be able to coexist with them he has to be completely brainwashed like them and with no ability to think, which he cannot bring himself to do it.
Winston is hardworking too. It keeps him distracted from his lonely and pathetic life. It gives him a form of escape to a world of fantasy whenever he reads about past regimes and how great life was. Moreover, he is very intelligent.
His job requires high level of precision and creativity in order to pull it off. He is very proficient in his job and is the reason that The Party has given him so much responsibility despite being just 39 years. Furthermore, it takes high level of intelligence to be able to break the law for such a long time without getting caught.
Unfortunately, he is also gullible. With his high rate of paranoia, it would be expected that he would be wary of everyone.
Since he is lucky enough to get a person that shares his sentiments in Julia, he thinks that there are people like them, which leads him put down his guard. A high ranking official behaving weirdly in a way that reveals he is against the regime that was unrealistic. Orwell had worked for David Astor's Observer since , first as a book reviewer and later as a correspondent.
The editor professed great admiration for Orwell's "absolute straightforwardness, his honesty and his decency", and would be his patron throughout the s. The closeness of their friendship is crucial to the story of Nineteen Eighty-Four. Orwell's creative life had already benefited from his association with the Observer in the writing of Animal Farm. As the war drew to a close, the fruitful interaction of fiction and Sunday journalism would contribute to the much darker and more complex novel he had in mind after that celebrated "fairy tale".
It's clear from his Observer book reviews, for example, that he was fascinated by the relationship between morality and language. There were other influences at work. Soon after Richard was adopted, Orwell's flat was wrecked by a doodlebug. The atmosphere of random terror in the everyday life of wartime London became integral to the mood of the novel-in-progress. Worse was to follow. In March , while on assignment for the Observer in Europe, Orwell received the news that his wife, Eileen, had died under anaesthesia during a routine operation.
Suddenly he was a widower and a single parent, eking out a threadbare life in his Islington lodgings, and working incessantly to dam the flood of remorse and grief at his wife's premature death. In , for instanc e, he wrote almost , words for various publications, including 15 book reviews for the Observer.
Now Astor stepped in. His family owned an estate on the remote Scottish island of Jura, next to Islay. There was a house, Barnhill, seven miles outside Ardlussa at the remote northern tip of this rocky finger of heather in the Inner Hebrides. Initially, Astor offered it to Orwell for a holiday.
Speaking to the Observer last week, Richard Blair says he believes, from family legend, that Astor was taken aback by the enthusiasm of Orwell's response. In May Orwell, still picking up the shattered pieces of his life, took the train for the long and arduous journey to Jura. He told his friend Arthur Koestler that it was "almost like stocking up ship for an arctic voyage". It was a risky move; Orwell was not in good health.
The winter of was one of the coldest of the century. Postwar Britain was bleaker even than wartime, and he had always suffered from a bad chest. At least, cut off from the irritations of literary London, he was free to grapple unencumbered with the new novel. Ironically, part of Orwell's difficulties derived from the success of Animal Farm.
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After years of neglect and indifference the world was waking up to his genius. On Jura he would be liberated from these distractions but the promise of creative freedom on an island in the Hebrides came with its own price. Years before, in the essay "Why I Write", he had described the struggle to complete a book: "Writing a book is a horrible, exhausting struggle, like a long bout of some painful illness. One would never undertake such a thing if one were not driven by some demon whom one can neither resist or [sic] understand.
BBC - Culture - Why Orwell’s could be about now
For all one knows that demon is the same instinct that makes a baby squall for attention. And yet it is also true that one can write nothing readable unless one constantly struggles to efface one's personality. From the spring of to his death in Orwell would re-enact every aspect of this struggle in the most painful way imaginable. Privately, perhaps, he relished the overlap between theory and practice.
The masterpiece that killed George Orwell
He had always thrived on self-inflicted adversity. At first, after "a quite unendurable winter", he revelled in the isolation and wild beauty of Jura. Barnhill, overlooking the sea at the top of a potholed track, was not large, with four small bedrooms above a spacious kitchen. Life was simple, even primitive. There was no electricity. Orwell used Calor gas to cook and to heat water. Storm lanterns burned paraffin.
In the evenings he also burned peat. He was still chain-smoking black shag tobacco in roll-up cigarettes: the fug in the house was cosy but not healthy.
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A battery radio was the only connection with the outside world. Orwell, a gentle, unworldly sort of man, arrived with just a camp bed, a table, a couple of chairs and a few pots and pans. It was a spartan existence but supplied the conditions under which he liked to work. He is remembered here as a spectre in the mist, a gaunt figure in oilskins. The locals knew him by his real name of Eric Blair, a tall, cadaverous, sad-looking man worrying about how he would cope on his own. The solution, when he was joined by baby Richard and his nanny, was to recruit his highly competent sister, Avril.
Richard Blair remembers that his father "could not have done it without Avril. She was an excellent cook, and very practical. None of the accounts of my father's time on Jura recognise how essential she was. Once his new regime was settled, Orwell could finally make a start on the book. At the end of May he told his publisher, Fred Warburg: "I think I must have written nearly a third of the rough draft. I have not got as far as I had hoped to do by this time because I really have been in most wretched health this year ever since about January my chest as usual and can't quite shake it off.
Mindful of his publisher's impatience for the new novel, Orwell added: "Of course the rough draft is always a ghastly mess bearing little relation to the finished result, but all the same it is the main part of the job. After that, he said, he would need another six months to polish up the text for publication. But then, disaster. Part of the pleasure of life on Jura was that he and his young son could enjoy the outdoor life together, go fishing, explore the island, and potter about in boats.
In August, during a spell of lovely summer weather, Orwell, Avril, Richard and some friends, returning from a hike up the coast in a small motor boat, were nearly drowned in the infamous Corryvreckan whirlpool. Richard Blair remembers being "bloody cold" in the freezing water, and Orwell, whose constant coughing worried his friends, did his lungs no favours.
Within two months he was seriously ill. Typically, his account to David Astor of this narrow escape was laconic, even nonchalant. The long struggle with "The Last Man in Europe" continued. In late October , oppressed with "wretched health", Orwell recognised that his novel was still "a most dreadful mess and about two-thirds of it will have to be retyped entirely".