Obesity is among the easiest medical conditions to recognize but most difficult to treat. Unhealthy weight gain due to poor diet and lack of exercise is responsible for over , deaths each year. Overweight children are much more likely to become overweight adults unless they adopt and maintain healthier patterns of eating and exercise. A few extra pounds does not suggest obesity. Generally, a child is not considered obese until the weight is at least 10 percent higher than what is recommended for their height and body type.
Obesity most commonly begins between the ages of 5 and 6, or during adolescence. Studies have shown that a child who is obese between the ages of 10 and 13 has an 80 percent chance of becoming an obese adult. The causes of obesity are complex and include genetic, biological, behavioral and cultural factors.
Obesity occurs when a person eats more calories than the body burns. If one parent is obese, there is a 50 percent chance that his or her child will also be obese. However, when both parents are obese, their children have an 80 percent chance of being obese. Although certain medical disorders can cause obesity, less than 1 percent of all obesity is caused by physical problems. The blame does not just go for the child, but for the parents as well.
Parents would do anything to please their child and make them happy. If a child is hungry and parents do not want to cook for them, what usually becomes the…. Some diseases such as type 2 diabetes are now taking over the lives of the young people in our country. What is the cause of the spreading of diseases throughout young children you might ask?
This national and international epidemic of childhood obesity can no longer be ignored. Can we prevent childhood obesity? Poor diet and lack of exercis…. Emely Saliba ENC Professor Duasso November 25, Obesity in Children Patient T is a newborn weighing 10 pounds, and 4 ounces, and looks like a healthy, strong, and big new baby boy; during his childhood, he maintains normal weight, and lives an active life with a great appetite for food that includes: apples, pears, bananas, ham sandwiches, chips, and pizza. When he gets home, all he….
Login Join. Open Document. Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type two diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications, or psychiatric illness. Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited.
On average, obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass. Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children.
Essay on Obesity in Adolescents and Children - Words | Bartleby
Authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. In , the American Medical Association classified obesity as a disease. Children have become heavier as well. In the past 30 years, the prevalence of childhood obesity has more than doubled among children ages 2 to 5, has nearly tripled among youth ages 6 to 11, and has more than tripled among ages 12 to However, recent data suggest that the rate of overweight in children did not increase significantly between and , except in the heaviest boys. This rate, though, remains alarmingly high.
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Treating Obesity. Diet Exercise Environmental changes Non-surgical treatment Surgical treatment. Obesity Prevention. Weight Loss Maintenance. BMI Calculator. How to Prevent Obesity Obesity is a chronic disease affecting more and more children, adolescents and adults: Obesity rates among children in the U.
Preventing Obesity in Infants The longer babies are breastfed, the less likely they are to become overweight as they grow older. Preventing Obesity in Children and Adolescents Young people generally become overweight or obese because they don't get enough physical activity in combination with poor eating habits.
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They include: Gradually work to change family eating habits and activity levels rather than focusing on weight. Change the habits and the weight will take care of itself. Be a role model.
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Parents who eat healthy foods and are physically activity set an example that increases the likelihood their children will do the same. Encourage physical activity. Children should have an hour of moderate physical activity most days of the week. More than an hour of activity may promote weight loss and subsequent maintenance.
Reduce time in front of the TV and computer to less than two hours a day. Encourage children to eat only when hungry, and to eat slowly. Avoid using food as a reward or withholding food as a punishment. Keep the refrigerator stocked with fat-free or low-fat milk and fresh fruit and vegetables instead of soft drinks and snacks high in sugar and fat.