Finally, to my family and loved ones, for their immense support and motivation throughout my academic life. The practice of Health and Safety continues to be a major challenge plaguing the construction industries of most developing countries. In Ghana, approximately 60 out of the total occupational accidents recorded by the labour Department over the last decade has been fatal and consequently attributed to a poor Health and Safety practice observed on most construction sites.
The aim of the study was to critically investigate the constraints and barriers faced in implementing an effective health and safety practice within the Ghanaian construction industry and also provide suitable recommendations on improving the practice. The research was purely based on a qualitative study conducted through the use of secondary data gathered from extensive literature review.
The study specifically explored the standard and approved health and safety legislative frameworks adopted in most developed countries especially in the UK and Australian construction industry.
The findings from the study significantly attributed the absence of a health and safety legislative framework guiding the construction industry as one of the intrinsic barriers that hinders the implementation of an effective health and safety practice in the Ghanaian construction industry. Consequently, the construction industry over the years has been notably labelled as one of the most exposed and rigorous sectors pertaining to occupational accidents all around the world especially in developing countries according to the research findings conducted by Jil et al As a result, the industry seems to fall below the pecking order in comparison with other sectors on the industrial scale taking into account that statistics on both injury and fatality rate continues to increase substantially day after day.
According to Hamalainen et al , fatality rate within the construction industry of these developing economies is likely to increase tremendously with the pace of industrialisation due to the fact that policy makers and other construction authorities pay very little attention to its development.
In light of that, the issue of constantly employing the services of casual labour has become predominant within the industry. On that note, construction industries in developing countries become unsafe due to some of the above-mentioned factors. In Ghana, the construction industry is said to account for the highest rate of occupational fatalities in comparison with its other industrial sectors.
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According to the statistics and survey conducted by the Labour department , out of 1, construction accidents recorded in the industry in the year , 56 accidents were fatal thereby having a converted fatality rate of Furthermore, bringing these records in the context of the European Union EU construction accident statistics clearly reveals that there are possibly 1. European commission , The shocking revelations of these figures in developing countries seems to be alarming considering the fact that most non-fatal construction accidents are sometimes overlooked and unreported thereby making it difficult to track accurate records.
Ghana is regarded as one of the few developing countries that are currently enjoying a steady growth in its construction industry. According to the International Monetary Fund IMF Annual report , its construction industry has consistently being ranked as the third largest growing economic sector surpassing the manufacturing industry over the past decade with a tremendous GDP growth of 5.
In support of that, Ghana statistical service also revealed that construction activities had grew from The research findings of Ahadzie, D. In addition, this theory was supplementary supported by the research of Adei et al analysing the concern of casual labour claiming that these individuals put their lives at risk just to earn a living and by so doing, contractors take maximum advantage of their weaknesses by exposing them to all kinds of hazards on site without taking their safety into consideration.
A specific number of objectives were set in other to accomplish this aim:. This study therefore leaves room for more and further investigation within the field. In addition, this research work is not devoid of other limitations.
Unfortunately, the essence of time has been seen as a limiting factor with respect to the use of other methodologies and approach in collecting enough data to enrich the quality of research. On the same note, the research work is being carried out within a limited time frame which might have an impact on the end product and results.
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The dissertation will be structured around three intrinsic studies which will be undertaken to address the aim of the research together with its superseding objectives. The studies have been organized into various chapters in a systematic sequence;. Furthermore, it clearly documents about the problem statement which forms part of the intrinsic elements of the research as well as highlighting on the research goals which comprise the aim, objectives and research questions.
The review further explores existing literature on construction health and safety regulations and legislative frameworks adopted on the global scale especially in the UK and Australian construction industry.
World Health Organization WHO, defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not necessarily the absence of disease or infirmity. The key concepts that are captured in the above definition clearly place more emphasis on the human body and mind, hence applying this concept at the workplace will see to the protection of the bodies and minds of workers against illness resulting from the processes and materials used at a workplace environment. Safety in general terms can be defined as the protection of people from mental and physical injury.
The fine line between health and safety is inexplicit in the sense that both words are normally used simultaneously to indicate a concern for the mental and physical wellbeing of an individual. Health and Safety Executive HSE, defines welfare as the provision of the necessary facilities to maintain and support the well-being of individuals at a workplace.
Accident can be defined as an unexpected or unplanned event that has resulted in an injury or ill health of an individual, loss or damage to a property, materials or environment HSE, Hence, the research will adopt the use of the following definitions. According to Sorensen et al. However, construction activities and works carried out within the industry seems to be more hazardous than any other sector as evidently supported by the research of Aksorn et al.
Majority of accidents associated with construction works include; falling of workers, objects and equipment from heights specifically during roof works, using scaffolds and ladders as well as the collapse of structures on site causing severe injuries and fatalities Helander, Approximately workers plunge to their death at construction sites while a million sustain severe injuries each and every year according to the International labour Organization report In support of that, Hinze et al.
Today, knowledge capacity is seen paramount to the former. This assertion is further buttressed by Toffler that knowledge creation of the highest-quality is preceding other manufacturing factors. Essentially, it is seen as a capability that it is the driving force for the future shift in power. Ebo brilliantly summarized the importance of OHSMS in one phrase: "it is better to lose one minute in life than to lose life in a minute.
Generally speaking, financial gain is the main target of any business.
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Therefore, highlighting the financial benefits of OHSMS would make managers eager to apply safety standards along with the other benefits Ebo mentions in his article. Occupational health care is mandatory in Finland and sometimes we may take OHS-issues for granted. As you and Muna Khattab said organizing OHS costs money and there are many examples where employers are trying to avoid these expenses.
In labor-intensive businesses emplpoyees are the most valuable resource and employers should value this resource. OHS is key to show appreciation. Vaasan yliopiston jatko-opiskelijoiden yhteinen tutkimusblogi.
PGR code of practice | Research and Business Engagement | StaffNet | The University of Manchester
Kirjaamo Yhteystiedot Tietoa sivustosta Tietosuoja. Occupational Health and Safety - The way forward Julkaistu Ebo Kwegyir-Afful. Interesting approach Kirjoittanut Sami Isoniemi Many of the blog posts are written by the participants of "Social Media for Researcher" course.