Format of a research paper chicago style

Date updated: September 24, This is determined by your university or field of study. Chicago A is the notes and bibliography system, using footnotes , usually favoured by humanities subjects, while Chicago B is an author-date in-text citation system mostly used in the sciences. Be aware that the Chicago Manual of Style is regularly updated.

Our examples are all based on the 17th edition, which is the latest published in Table of contents Chicago website citation Chicago book citation Chicago news article citation Chicago journal article citation Chicago social media citation YouTube example. If it is available, the date of the latest update is preferred over the date of publication, as the date of latest update provides an indication as to how current the information is. Note that these examples are all for sources either with one author or published by a collective group or organization.

We have also written an article about citing a source with multiple authors. Have a language expert improve your writing.

Chicago Style Sample Paper | MLA Format

Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Generate your APA citations for free! Chicago style citation examples Date published July 25, by Courtney Gahan. Is this article helpful? She has worked as a freelance writer and editor since , and joined the Scribbr team as an editor in June She loves helping students and academics all over the world improve their writing and learning about their research while doing so!

Other students also liked. This guide cover both citing systems and provides citation examples for websites, books and …. How to use footnotes and endnotes Footnotes can be a form of citation or can provide additional information. Read how to insert and format footnotes in Word. How to quote sources When you quote a source, you have to intoduce the quote, enclose the quote in quotation marks, and correctly cite the original author s. Comment or ask a question.

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Add comment. Author or publisher author is preferred if available. University of Amsterdam. City of Publication: Publisher, Publication Year. If the material in the course pack was previously published a chapter from a book, an article from a journal , cite the source as you would its original version. See the tabs for books and articles. If the material in the course pack was not previously published, cite the source as a compilation.

Class notes can't be retrieved by most readers. You may share your notes with a friend or group in the class, but for the most part, no one else will see them. Because class notes can't be retrieved, they should be cited in the footnote. See the example above.

PowerPoint files or other materials shared live in a class are just like live lectures—they can't be retrieved by anyone after the fact. Because of that, they should be cited in the text. If your professor posts PowerPoint or other files online on a website, etc. If the material uploaded to Blackboard was previously published a chapter from a book, an article from a journal , cite the source as you would its original version.

Do not provide the URL to Blackboard. If the material uploaded to Blackboard is original lecture notes or unattributed doesn't give full source information , then cite as much as you can that falls into the who, what, when, where format: author, title, source, date, and URL. Paper Presentation — Footnote Succeeding Notes. Published Proceedings — Footnote Succeeding Notes.

Location of Conference, Dates of Conference. References to the Bible and other religious texts are usually referred to in just the footnotes rather than in the footnotes and the bibliography. References to religious texts should include the book usually abbreviated , chapter, and verse, but not the page number. This is because pagination is often different for different versions.

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For proper abbreviations for the books see Chicago Manual of Style sec. In the text of your paper, you should spell out the name of the book of the Bible. However, in the footnotes, you can abbreviate the name of the book. See sec. Formatting the title. In the text of your paper, the names of religious works are capitalized but not put in italics.

See Chicago Manual of Style sec. Formatting the reference. Biblical references are given in numeral; chapter and verse are separated by a colon Chicago Manual of Style sec. For the Koran, provide surah and verse. Koran Versions of the Bible. Books and numbering are not identical in different versions; it is essential to identify which version is being cited.

For general readers, the version should be spelled out, at least for the first occurrence, for specialists, the abbreviation may be used. While the Chicago Manual of Style states that you usually don't need to provide a bibliography entry for religious texts, you may find that some professors require it.

In those cases, format religious texts the same way you would a book. These are basic examples for citing legal materials; for more information, see the latest edition of The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation 19th ed. Common Abbreviations. Additional Notes:. U69 Located in Concordia Library 1st floor. Use the manual to find citation examples for less often used materials and for information on formatting papers.

Use superscript format and start with the number 1. Place the note number at the end of the clause or sentence that refers to the source and after all punctuation except for dashes —. The next time you cite that source, you only need to provide the author's last name, a shortened source title, and the page number where you found the information.

If you cite the same source but a different page number , use the word " Ibid " and follow it with a comma and the different page number. Here are the formatting guidelines for the reference list. The reference list should start on a separate page at the end of your paper. Title the page Bibliography , centered at the top no bold, italics, quotation marks, etc. References should be in a hanging indent format, meaning that the first line of each reference is set flush left and subsequent lines are indented, like this: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Single-space each individual entry, but provide an extra line space between each entry.

If there is no author, start with the first significant word in the title. In titles of articles, books, and other sources, capitalize each word, except for articles the, an , prepositions, or conjunctions, unless one is the first word of the title or subtitle. Footnote Succeeding Notes 2. Connie J.

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Beck and Bruce D. Beck, Connie J. Washington: APA, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Domino W.