Learn why people trust wikiHow. There are 15 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Learn more Focus your research on a narrow topic. Then, as you read, you home in on transferware and pottery. Ultimately, you focus on 1 potter in the s who invented a way to mass-produce patterned tableware. Search for credible sources online and at a library. Additionally, check your sources' dates, and make sure the information you gather is up to date. Evaluate how other scholars have approached your topic.
Identify authoritative sources or works that are accepted as the most important accounts of the subject matter. Additionally, look for debates among scholars, and ask yourself who presents the strongest evidence for their case. List your sources, format them according to your assigned style guide such as MLA or Chicago , and write 2 or 3 summary sentences below each one. Come up with a preliminary thesis.
As you learn more about your topic, develop a working thesis, or a concise statement that presents an argument. Use Roman numerals I. Then sketch out the body paragraphs and conclusion. For easy reference, include your sources where they fit into your outline, like this: III. Spode vs. Wedgewood on Mass Production A. Spode: Perfected chemical formula with aims for fast production and distribution Travis, , 43 B. Wedgewood: Courted high-priced luxury market; lower emphasis on mass production Himmelweit, , 71 C. Therefore: Wedgewood, unlike Spode, delayed the expansion of the pottery market.
How to Write a Research Paper . . . and Get an A+
Present your thesis and argument in the introduction. Start with an attention-grabbing sentence to draw in your audience and introduce the topic. Build your argument in the body paragraphs. First, set the context for your readers, especially if the topic is obscure. Then, in around 3 to 5 body paragraphs, focus on a specific element or piece of evidence that supports your thesis.
Each idea should flow to the next so the reader can easily follow your logic. Next, discuss how targeting middle class consumers increased demand and expanded the pottery industry globally. Then, you could explain how Spode differed from competitors like Wedgewood, who continued to court aristocratic consumers instead of expanding the market to the middle class.
The right number of sections or paragraphs depends on your assignment. In general, shoot for 3 to 5, but check your prompt for your assigned length. Address a counterargument to strengthen your case. After layout out your evidence, mention a contrasting view on the topic.
Then explain why that differing perspective is incorrect and why your claim is more plausible. You could bring up a study that suggested fluoride produced harmful health effects, then explain how its testing methods were flawed. Summarize your argument in the conclusion. Tell them. Tell them what you told them. To make your conclusion more memorable, you could also connect your thesis to a broader topic or theme to make it more relatable to your reader.
Ensure your paper is well-organized and includes transitions. After finishing your first draft, give it a read and look for big-picture organizational issues. Make sure each sentence and paragraph flow well to the next. You may have to rewrite a paragraph or swap sections around, but taking the time for revisions is important if you want to hand in your best work. That way, you can start editing it with fresh eyes. Cut out unnecessary words and other fluff. Each word in your paper should do a specific job. Try to avoid including extra words just to fill up blank space on a page or sound fancy.
Proofread for spelling, grammatical, and formatting errors.
Research Paper Format, Template for Research Paper
As you read, check for flow as well and, if necessary, tweak any spots that sound awkward. Ask a friend, relative, or teacher to read your work before you submit it. New readers can help you find any mistakes and unclear spots that you may have overlooked. Sample Environmental Research Paper. Sample Research Paper Outline. Does making a research paper require me to invent something new or it is just about gathering information?
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It can be for the both, whether you invent something new to implement or you gather some sort of data based valuable information and synthesize it. Yes No. Not Helpful 18 Helpful The introduction should set out what you intend to discuss and prove in the research paper, and outline the approaches per topic or heading section.
It is also nice to open the topic and lead into it in an interesting way that helps the reader to want to read on. Not Helpful 24 Helpful To be honest there is no rule book or a set of formulas which will give you the best or better topic. Once you have a number of topics in hand you need to evaluate as to which topic interests you and your audience more.
Not Helpful 13 Helpful See Make a Questionnaire for the method needed. Not Helpful 21 Helpful If you are numbering the pages, then yes, the second and third pages should be numbered. Not Helpful 17 Helpful You can publish a research paper through established journals or you can use open source online publishing sites, such as SSRN or Researchgate.
If your research paper is long enough, you could also publish it as a small book or an ebook, and disseminate it via book sales sites and stores. Not Helpful 20 Helpful Long enough to strongly answer your thesis. If you can cover it in 10 pages wonderful. If you need to utilize 50 pages that is great too. If you are forcing a specific number of pages than your work may come off as too repetitive or poorly written.
Research Paper Format
You don't want to over exhaust the topics or include unless information just to get a page count. Not Helpful 14 Helpful Yes, but it is best to write a research paper without contractions. If you must use them, make sure they are spelled correctly and used in the right places. I believe that the questionnaires are attached in the appendix section of the paper with the survey forms, raw data, documentations and other tables. Not Helpful 4 Helpful How can I write correct English words for other languages such as Thai?
There should be a standardized way of writing Thai words in English. If there is more than one convention, you can choose one and state which one you're going to use in the preface to your paper. Not Helpful 9 Helpful Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
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Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. An outline helps you predict the overall structure and flow of a paper. Why and How to Create a Useful Outline. Purdue University. Writing papers in college requires you to come up with sophisticated, complex, and sometimes very creative ways of structuring your ideas.
Taking the time to draft an outline can help you determine if your ideas connect to each other, what order of ideas works best, where gaps in your thinking may exist, or whether you have sufficient evidence to support each of your points. It is also an effective way to think about the time you will need to complete each part of your paper before you begin writing. A good outline is important because :. How to Structure and Organize Your Paper. Purdue University; Lietzau, Kathleen. Creating Outlines.
Writing Center, University of Richmond.