Writing an outline for a research paper

It could be comparison and contrast of a phenomenon in different countries, cause and effect analysis of an event or study of relation between different things. Understanding what is the purpose of your essay, who are your readers will give you an understanding of what you need to cover. As we have already said, you should have a complete understanding of your topic before you start to plan your paper.

At the same time too short draft with one word for each part of a body will also bring value neither for you nor for your readers. Now, when we know how outline will help you to make a good essay and what you should take into account while creating your structure, we can talk about what is included into a research paper outline and how to do it step by step. Every outline shall start with an introduction.

In this part you are presenting your topic for your readers and are trying to grab their attention. You could use several techniques depending on your key research question that will make your research paper intriguing. After you have explained why this topic presents interest to your readers, you should make a thesis statement, the most important part of the introduction. Thesis statement explains the entire research paper in one sentence. It seems to be hard as in your main part you convey so many ideas and thoughts on the topic, however ask yourself — what is the most important thing your readers should catch after reading your essay?

It should not be a common fact — thesis statement is an assertive claim of your position on the topic, which you — as a researcher — are able to prove by arguments. Besides, in the introduction you can present already existing researches, theory and practice on your topic and state why and how you are going to work to develop it. The body is the biggest part of your research paper outline. Discuss why things may have gone wrong and what could be done to refine the results in future. Suggest what changes in experimental design might improve the results; there is no right or wrong in science, only progress.

Finally, you can discuss at the end ideas for further research, either refining the experiment or suggesting new areas. Even if your paper was a one off, somebody may come along and decide that they find your research interesting and that they would like to continue from where you left off.

This is really just a more elaborate version of the abstract. In a few paragraphs you should summarize your findings. Your abstract will do most of this for you but, as long as you do not get carried away, especially for longer reports, it can help the reader absorb your findings a little more. Include all of your direct references here, even if you only found a couple of sentences. In the case where somebody referred to an original source, reference that too, but if you did not manage to get hold of it, try to rewrite so that you will not have to reference or use "referred in"-citation.

Here it is polite to acknowledge anybody who helped you with this report, although do not go overboard; it is not an Oscar speech. Your supervisor is a good start, as well as others who helped. If a landowner gave you permission to take samples then it is good practice to acknowledge them and give them a summary of your results, if permitted.

Ways of Writing a Good APA Research Paper Outline

Appendices are very useful because they give you a place to dump raw data and calculations. They must still be laid out correctly; the data must be relevant and referred to in the main report. If you have a lot of relevant photographs of sample sites and methods then they belong here. It is also useful to insert a Google map plan to show from where you took samples. Hopefully this will have given you a good oversight into writing that perfect report. It is not as daunting as it seems and if you do your research and listen to your supervisor then all should be well and you can get a good grade.

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A Guide on How to Write a Research Paper Outline

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  • Like Explorable? Take it with you wherever you go. Thank you to Innovation Norway. The Research Council of Norway. Never forget about the aims of the investigation that should be also stated in the introduction. Make sure to include the Literature Overview.

    Here mention the literature you used as a backup to your hypothesis and theories. This part will show how you can operate the terms, theory and existing evidence. Your main theme and the chosen literature should be adjacent.

    Why and How to Create a Useful Outline

    Demonstrate how your input develops and distends the existing works. Data and Analysis usually go after Methods and Literature. Here present your results and other variables that you have got in the process of the survey. Use tables or graphs if necessary to be more precise and structured. Interpret your results.

    Keep in mind to tell the audience whether your outcomes bring a difference to the whole topic.

    How to start a research paper?

    Outline the drawbacks of the research and its advantages. The final part is the Conclusion that usually does not present the audience with the new information but gives the cursory glance at the whole work by summarizing main points in it. Do not forget to mention the thesis statement again.

    How to Start a Research Paper

    Formulate the prospect for future research as well. Following a particular formatting style makes every writing more familiar to a reader. Topics of the research paper or interesting biology topics are different. Sometimes they give you to write on social issues like a research outline on homelessness. Everything depends on the college discipline. All in all, your research outline should look like a bullet list of headings and subheadings; it should be very brief but informative consisting all the necessary elements.