Long, complex sentences are difficult for viewers to absorb and may cause them to move on to the next poster. Poster verbiage must be concise, precise, and straightforward. And it must avoid jargon.
Here is an example:. Wording in a paper: This project sought to establish the ideal specifications for clinically useful wheelchair pressure mapping systems, and to use these specifications to influence the design of an innovative wheelchair pressure mapping system. You only have a few seconds to grab attention as people wander past your poster; make the most of those seconds! In general, people expect information to flow left-to-right and top-to-bottom. Viewers are best able to absorb information from a poster with several columns that progress from left to right. Imagine your poster with an upside-down triangle centered from the top to the bottom.
It is in this general area that people tend to look first and is often used for the title, results, and conclusions. Secondary and supporting information tend to fall to the sides, with the lower right having the more minor information such as acknowledgements including funding , and personal contact information. This will depend on the specifics of your project.
In general, remember that how much space you devote to each idea suggests how important that section is. Make sure that you allot the most space to your most important points. White space is helpful to your viewers; it delineates different sections, leads the eye from one point to the next, and keeps the poster from being visually overwhelming. Visual aids are one of the most effective ways to make your poster visually striking, and they are often a great way to communicate complex information straightforwardly and succinctly.
If your project deals with lots of empirical data, your best bet will be a chart, graph, or table summarizing that data and illustrating how that data confirms your hypothesis. There are a number of tricks you can use to aid readability and emphasize crucial ideas. In general:. When you are standing in front of your poster, you—and what you choose to say—are as important as the actual poster. Remind yourself about those details you ended up having to leave out of the poster, so that you will be able to bring them up in discussions with viewers.
Then, practice, practice, practice! Show your poster to advisors, professors, friends, and classmates before the day of the symposium to get a feel for how viewers might respond. Prepare a four- to five-minute overview of the project, where you walk these pre-viewers through the poster, drawing their attention to the most critical points and filling in interesting details as needed. Make note of the kinds of questions these pre-viewers have, and be ready to answer those questions. You might even consider making a supplemental handout that provides additional information or answers predictable questions.
Give them a few moments to read and process the information. Once viewers have had time to acquaint themselves with your project, offer to guide them through the poster. Thanks for stopping to view my poster. Would you like a guided tour of my project? Make sure you are familiar enough with your poster that you can talk about it without looking at it. Hermus, Timothy P. Szczykutowicz, Charles M. Strother, and Charles Mistretta. Dinse and Catherine Cherwin.
Simmons and Katrina T. This is an accordion element with a series of buttons that open and close related content panels. What should the abstract include? Although the content will vary according to field and specific project, all abstracts, whether in the sciences or the humanities, convey the following information: The purpose of the project identifying the area of study to which it belongs. The research problem that motivates the project.
Creating a Poster
The methods used to address this research problem, documents or evidence analyzed. The conclusions reached or, if the research is in progress, what the preliminary results of the investigation suggest, or what the research methods demonstrate. The significance of the research project. Why are the results useful? What is new to our understanding as the result of your inquiry? Stylistic considerations The abstract should be one paragraph and should not exceed the word limit.
Dissertation abstracts international online - The Writing Center.
Edit it closely to be sure it meets the Four C's of abstract writing: Complete — it covers the major parts of the project. Concise — it contains no excess wordiness or unnecessary information. Clear — it is readable, well organized, and not too jargon-laden. Cohesive — it flows smoothly between the parts.
The importance of understandable language Because all researchers hope their work will be useful to others, and because good scholarship is increasingly used across disciplines, it is crucial to make the language of your abstracts accessible to a non-specialist. Some problem areas to look for: Eliminate jargon.
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Showing off your technical vocabulary will not demonstrate that your research is valuable. If using a technical term is unavoidable, add a non-technical synonym to help a non-specialist infer the term's meaning. Omit needless words—redundant modifiers, pompous diction, excessive detail. Avoid stringing nouns together make the relationship clear with prepositions. Eliminate "narration," expressions such as "It is my opinion that," "I have concluded," "the main point supporting my view concerns," or "certainly there is little doubt as to.
Before submitting your abstract Make sure it is within words. Over-writing is all too easy, so reserve time for cutting your abstract down to the essential information. Make sure the language is understandable by a non-specialist.
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Begun in , the human genome project intends to map the 23 chromosomes that provide the blueprint for the human species. The project has both scientific and ethical goals. The scientific goals underscore the advantages of the genome project, including identifying and curing diseases and enabling people to select the traits of their offspring, among other opportunities. Ethically, however, the project raises serious questions about the morality of genetic engineering. To handle both the medical opportunities and ethical dilemmas posed by the genome project, scientists need to develop a clear set of principles for genetic engineering and to continue educating the public about the genome project.
The examples above are taken from Form and Style 10th ed. Note: The following are specifications for an abstract in APA style, used in the social sciences, such as psychology or anthropology. If you are in another discipline, check with your professor about the format for the abstract. Many papers in the social sciences, natural sciences, and engineering sciences follow IMRaD structure: their main sections are entitled Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion.
People use the abstract to decide whether to read the rest of the paper, so the abstract for such a paper is important. Because the abstract provides the highlights of the paper, you should draft your abstract after you have written a full draft of the paper. Typically, an abstract for an IMRaD paper or presentation is one or two paragraphs long — words.